Partnership Building Based on Business Characteristics of Independent Oil Palm Smallholders

As palm producers, independent smallholders need to be empowered to support economic development, development of the  palm oil sub-sector and institutionalize the modern plantation system and concept. One important form…

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Business Model for Partnership Between Independent Smallholders and Palm Oil Companies in The Sustainable Biodiesel Trading Scheme

Independent palm oil smallholders Fresh Fruit Bunches (FFB) are one of the sources of raw material available upstream in the palm oil trading system. This paper describes the business model…

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Biodiesel Production Emissions in Indonesia Based on Life Cycle Analysis (LCA)

Traction Energy Asia assessed carbon emissions resulting from Indonesia’s production of palm biodiesel using life cycle analysis (LCA) to provide a complete picture by including upstream production activities. This paper…

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