Business Model for Partnership Between Independent Smallholders and Palm Oil Companies in The Sustainable Biodiesel Trading Scheme

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Model Bisnis Tandan Buah Segar (TBS) Pekebun Mandiri Sebagai Bahan Baku Crude Palm Oil (CPO) Dalam Skema Tata Niaga Biodiesel Berkelanjutan

Independent palm oil smallholders Fresh Fruit Bunches (FFB) are one of the sources of raw material available upstream in the palm oil trading system. This paper describes the business model needed to engage independent smallholders in the CPO supply chain for biodiesel.

This paper is only available in Bahasa Indonesia:

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