Techno-Economic Analysis of Cellulosic Ethanol in Indonesia Using Palm Residues

Indonesia’s palm industry produces enormous volumes of palm biomass residues, more than enough to support dozens of commercial-scale cellulosic ethanol plants. We estimate the levelized production cost of cellulosic ethanol in Indonesia using a discounted cash flow (DCF) model. This model accounts for the various costs of building and operating a new cellulosic ethanol plant, including equipment, construction, land, feedstock, and labor.

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