Bioenergy refers to electricity, gas or transport fuels that are produced from organic matter, known as biomass, which includes plants and crops, wood, agricultural and food waste, and sewage (black water).
Bioenergy refers to electricity, gas or transport fuels that are produced from organic matter, known as biomass, which includes plants and crops, wood, agricultural and food waste, and sewage (black water). While producing bioenergy can generate less climate-changing carbon emissions compared to fossil fuels such as oil and gas, it can actually result in more emissions if land is dedicated specifically for growing biomass feedstocks such as palm oil or wood pellets, and even more if carbon-storing forests have been cleared in the process.
Biofuels are mainly used in transportation - bioethanol for gas/petrol engines, and biodiesel for diesel engines. There are three main types of biofuel:
- First generation biofuels, which are produced from food or animal feed crops such as sugar cane, sugar beet, corn, wheat, soya and palm, soybean and rapeseed;
- Second generation biofuels, which are produced from grasses or crops that cannot be used as food, and agricultural residues, forest and sawmill residues, wood wastes and other waste materials, such as used cooking oil and municipal solid waste, and;
- Third generation biofuels, also known as ‘advanced biofuels, which are produced from microalgae.
We focus our work on limiting the threat of increased carbon emissions, deforestation and biodiversity loss from bioenergy production, and on convincing policy makers to speed up the switch from using climate-changing, polluting fuels for power generation and transportation to low and zero carbon alternatives.
Indonesia’s biodiesel policy underwent a progressive change after the government succeeded in achieving the target to implement the B20 policy in 2019, in accordance with
Policy Strategy for Improving the Traceability and Transparency of Crude Palm Oil (CPO) Feedstock For Biodiesel by Including Independent Smallholders In a Sustainable Supply Chain
This Policy Paper is intended as a strategic recommendation for sustainable CPO governance policies to complement existing policies. The main points in the formulation of
Oil palm is one of the plantation sub-sector commodities that plays a strategic role in the national economy. Palm oil can be found in biodiesel,
As palm producers, independent smallholders need to be empowered to support economic development, development of the palm oil sub-sector and institutionalize the modern plantation system
Business Model for Partnership Between Independent Smallholders and Palm Oil Companies in The Sustainable Biodiesel Trading Scheme
Independent palm oil smallholders Fresh Fruit Bunches (FFB) are one of the sources of raw material available upstream in the palm oil trading system. This
Using Life Cycle Analysis (LCA) methodology, this report analyzes the GHG emissions of biodiesel from CPO. LCA was selected in order to analyze GHG emissions